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Achilles tendon Pain Secrets to Tendinitis Explained

By on June 30, 2013

What is Achilles Tendinitis or Achilles Tendon Pain?

Achilles tendon plays a very vital role in your body. Might you have experienced some sort of pain in this particular area yet have not been keen to identify the causes and the remedies thereof?

Well, you need to understand everything about this part of your body. The Achilles tendon connects the calf muscles to the heel bone.

It is known as the largest tendon in the body. Its main function is to assist you when rising on your toes or while running. It does this by supporting your entire body weight during every step that you make.

Any pain that is related to the tendon will obviously bring about serious effects on your day to day functioning. Many people will complain that they are not able to perform functions such as running and rising on their toes due to Achilles tendon pain.

achillies-tendon2What problems are you likely to experience on the Achilles tendon? First you could have a condition known as Achilles tendinopathy.

The condition is further subdivided into tendinitis and tendinosis. Tendinitis means that the muscles around the Achilles tendon have inflammation which may cause pain around the area.

Tendinosis on the other hand is caused by tears around the tissues in the Achilles tendon, which will bring about sharp pain in the area. In majority of cases, the latter will be the major cause of pain and hence treatment is based on the same.

The other condition that causes Achilles tendon pain is the rapture of the Achilles tendon itself. Complete rapture of the area will obviously cause much pain accompanied with rendering you immobile and weak.

It is possible to experience pain after a sudden event, but majorly the pain will be experienced after the tissues have been torn gradually.

The third condition that causes pain in the Achilles tendon is known as tennis leg. This is defined as the rapture of the linkage between the calf muscle and the tendon.

Fourthly, Achilles tendon crushing could be the underlying condition which results to pain in the region. The tendons could have been crushed partially, or wholly by heavy objects falling on the tendons.

Causes of Achilles tendon pain


  1. Repeated movements. These movements are likely to be experienced during sports or probably after walking for long distances.  These movements will cause tears on the tendons which will over time begin to cause a lot of pain around the area.
  2. Failure to exercise for a long time and then the resumption of the activity thereof will cause tears and hence pain on the Achilles tendons. Further, if you do not warm up before exercising, there is a likely hood of experiencing the pain in this area.
  3. Sudden and forceful motions. This kind of motion will normally stress the calf muscle which further results to intense pain.
  4. Rapture of the Achilles tendon. During the intense sporting activities, the likelihood of rapture may further cause intense pain in the area. This sort of rapture may also occur if the tendon has been weakened due to inflammations and overstretching during exercising.
  5. Flat feet is also known to cause pain on the Achilles tendon
  6. The pain could also come because of side effects of other medications.

Symptoms of Achilles tendon conditions


  1. One may experience swelling around the region and in particular around the ankle. Mild pain may accompany this kind of swelling
  2. Lack of strength to walk or run and hence less movements. In the case of severe pain, you could be rendered totally immobile.
  3. Sudden pain that is accompanied with a pop sound will also point out at an underlying condition in the Achilles tendon.

You can actually prevent Achilles tendon pain by doing the following:

a)      Exercise regularly to ensure that your tendons are in good shape at all times

b)      Always get sufficient sleep to relax the muscles around the tendons

c)      Eat a balanced diet that includes calcium and other essential minerals. This ensures that the tendons relax avoiding straining the tendons which mostly results to pain in the long run. Further, enough water will help you avoid this kind of pain.

d)     You must always take good care of your feet by ensuring that every injury or dislocation is treated well.

e)      Ensure that you exercise in surfaces that are soft to avoid stretching the tendons too much

f)       You should always increase the exercise levels moderately, avoiding sudden changes on the levels of exercise.

g)      Ensure that you carefully select your foot wear. Wearing high heeled   shoes and the very tight foot wear are known to aggravate Achilles tendon pain.

h)      Ensure that you warm up before engaging in rigorous exercise to prepare the muscles around the tendons in advance.

Treatment for Achilles tendon pain

Depending on the intensity of the pain, a doctor may recommend various treatments. Firstly, surgery will normally be recommended for severe cases. This will normally result from rapture or tearing of the tendons.

For the less severe cases, there are over the counter remedies such as LED light therapy, elastic braces, sleeves to hold ice and boots to hold the tendons. Physical therapy has also been known to treat Achilles tendon pain if done in the correct way as guided by a therapist.

Further, you need to ensure that you have sufficient rest to help relax the tendons during the healing process. Other recommended treatments include use of ultrasound, icing and anti-inflammatory injections.

Despite the numerous treatments you may get for the pain, you may experience degeneration of the same.

This is normally associated with poor circulation of blood on that specific region. Therefore, any patient who has suffered from this kind of condition must take the necessary precautions to avoid degeneration.

Ultimately, one must do all that is possible to avoid Achilles tendon pain. The very vital function played by the tendons should guide you as far as prevention of the pain is concerned. The costs of treating such kind of pain are obviously higher than the preventative measures.