Lump in throat hurts When I Swallow |Part 2 Could it Be Throat Cancer?
Lump in throat hurts When I Swallow |Could it be Throat Cancer?
Other causes of lump sensation in the throat could be associated with tumor growth which most of us fear the most even with the first time we notice a lump in the throat.
Sometime back, patients had been known to constantly visit a physician with the fear that they had a lump in the throat and this condition was referred to as globus hystericus which was associated with anxiety and was classified as a phsycosomatic condition.
This however does not mean that there could be a real growing lump in the throat and that is why the doctor should never dismiss a patient home without giving them confirmatory diagnosis. Tumors could be found in the throat and this can be classified as either benign or malignant.
Benign tumors are growths that develop within the organs around the throat and do not spread to other parts of the body; they are non-neoplastic in nature in that they do not cause cancer. They could be tumors that develop from cysts (liquid filled sacs), inflamed lymph node and lymphomas.
They are usually not painful, are movable and do not have a rough texture. You may be scared that they could pose a danger to your health and so you would want them removed. It’s important that you discuss treatment options with your doctor and choose the most appropriate course of therapy.
These are malignant and neoplastic tumors that could develop from the pharynx, larynx (vocal cords), tonsils or epiglottis but the most common site is in the larynx. The cancers develop as a result of cell mutation where the cells around the throat multiply at a very fast rate and do not normally die out as other normal cells do.
The cause of the mutations is not yet fully known but there are risk factors that have been known to worsen the rate of cell mutation. Some of the implicated risk factors include:
- Poor dental hygiene
- Tobacco smoking and chewing
- Alcohol abuse
- Inhalation of asbestos(a chemical used in manufacturing industries)
- Voice overuse like in shouting, singing, screaming
- A diet lacking in fruits and vegetables
- The human papilloma virus(associated with cervical cancer)
The signs and symptoms are slow in progression and are not specific to throat cancer. You may want to make an appointment if you notice any of these symptoms:
- A persistent cough
- A decrease in weight
- Bad breathe that is persistent even after you do oral hygiene
- A change in your voice
- A sore that does not heal despite treatment
- Dysphagia or pain in swallowing
- Ear pain
Throat Cancer Diagnosis
This is determined using an invasive procedure known as laryngoscopy or endoscopy where there is direct visualization of the throat and related organs, the doctor can in the process remove a part of the tumor(biopsy) for cancer cell markers. Imaging studies such as X-rays, CT-scans and MRIs can also be done
Staging of the cancer can also be done and in this case of throat cancer, roman numbers are used from roman I to roman IV. Roman I is usually the first stage where the tumor is small and confined in the throat and is the best stage to treat the cancer with positive outcome. Stage IV is the most advanced stage with numerous spread and has a poor prognosis
Throat Cancer Treatment
You may want to carefully explore all the treatment options available and in most cases a combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy is preferred.
Depending on the stage at which the cancer is diagnosed is very crucial in determining the outcome of the disease. Good prognosis is expected in stage I and vice versa in stage IV.
Throat Cancer Prevention
As research denotes, most cancers are not really avoidable but you can avoid stimulating their growth if you avoid alcohol in excess, tobacco smoking, voice overuse, eating a well-balanced meal and regulation of asbestos use in manufacturing companies
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